Welcome

Founded in 1995, the Colorado School Finance Project (CSFP) is a non-profit whose mission is to compile, collect, and distribute research-based, non-partisan information and data on topics related to school finance for state and local policymakers.

ESSER I and ESSER II information now available! 
Click here to see each district's information. For Communication Strategies, go here.
Updated ESSER I Key Takeaways Handout
November 2022 District Election Information
Included are districts going for bond/BEST matching/MLO with their ballot language. 

2022 Election Report
November 2022 MLO Results Map
CSFP Presentation at Aurora Public Schools - November 6, 2022
CSFP New Board Member Orientation Presentation at CASB - December 1-2, 2022
New Board Member Handbook
JBC Staff Budget Briefing FY 2023-24 - Department of Education (Public School Finance and Categorical Programs) - November 29, 2022
Budget Brief
Budget Briefing Summary
JBC Staff Budget Briefing FY 2023-24 - Department of Education (Programs other than School Finance and Categoricals) - November 21, 2022
Budget Brief
Budget Briefing Summary
CSFP November Advisory Meeting  - November 11, 2022
Recording here.
School Finance Update presentation by Marc Carey and Craig Harper.
Governor Polis's 23-24 Budget Request - November 1, 2022
Below are some highlights from the Governor’s press release pertaining to education and the rest of the state budget:
 
1.	Funding will increase to $861 per pupil- assumes inflation at 8.3%           
2.	$35M buydown of the BS Factor to keep the BS Factor 3% of what is spent on K-12 Education
3.	$325M in Prop EE invested in Universal Pre-K (this increases funding by $10M)
4.	$6M to I-Matter program for student counseling 
5.	Increase funding of $29M to special education services
6.	School safety investments of $8.4M
7.	$1M Turnaround grants
8.	$7M to CSI for Mill Levy Override Match
 
Governor's Budget Proposal 2023-24 links
•	Budget Letter 23-24
•	Budget Rollout Presentation 23-24
•	Budget Navigator 23-24
       K12 Fact Sheet
CSFP to East Grand District 2 Presentation - November 1, 2022
CSFP'S ANNUAL STATE PROFILE REPORT

We have compiled this information for 20 years now. The 2022 State Profile compares audited data noting changes between 2020-21 to the base year of 1992. Data is audited which lags behind the current year. It is important to know that this data reflects the first full pandemic year.
 
Three reports from the state profile data:
1.	2022 State Profile Overview (1-page overview)
2.     2022 State Profile Charts & Highlights (2 pages)
3.     The 2022 State Profile Report (7 pages) includes a historical look at:
          •  Enrollment in K-12: Enrollment, Special Education, Free & Reduced Lunch, Emergent Bilinguals (English Language Learners according to CDE), and gifted students
          •  Teachers: Number of teachers, teachers per 1,000 students, average salary (comparing CO and National)
          •  Per Student Current Spending and Revenue
          •  Relationship between state/local revenue for K-12 and personal income
CSFP at the Southern Superintendents Conference presentation - October 27, 2022
At-Risk Working Group (HB22-1202) 
Website hereAt-Risk Workgroup Funding 101 - August 8, 2022
• Workgroup Meeting #1 - August 15, 2022
• Workgroup Meeting #2 & District Estimates - September 12, 2022
• Workgroup Meeting #3 - October 17, 2022
• Workgroup Meeting #4 - November 14, 2022
CSFP at CASB Fall Conference Presentation - October 21, 2022
CSFP October Advisory Meeting - October 21, 2022
"Property Tax Reform Ideas for Colorado" Presentation from The Lincoln Institute
"ESSER Update" Presentation 
Western Slope Superintendent Conference/CSFP Advisory Meeting presentation - October 17, 2022
CSFP "Overview of School Finance" Presentation for Clear Creek Accountability Committee - October 4, 2022
2022-23 Budget Stabilization Factor by School District
November What We're Reading
"More Colorado school districts consider 4-day school week, will this continue to gain momentum in metro areas?", Brynn Carman, KRDO,  November 14, 2022

OCTOBER 2022
October What We're Reading:
"Election 2022: What to know on school districts’ bonds and mill levy overrides" - Anne Delaney, Greeley Tribune, Oct. 15, 2022
"What’s a bond measure? How do mill levy overrides work? We explain." - Yesenia Robles, Chalkbeat, Oct 29, 2022
SEPTEMBER 2022
Colorado School Finance Project Conference:  Investment in Action - September 21, 2022 September Economic and Revenue Forecast - September 22, 2022 The Colorado Department of Early Childhood Public Rulemaking Hearing-  September 29, 2022  Materials here. September What We're Reading

"COVID relief money helps Colorado schools pay for math and reading curriculum" - Ann Schimke, Chalkbeat, Sept 21, 2022

AUGUST 2022

Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance - August 16, 2022 • Interim School Finance Presentation • Funding for District Cost of Living • Cost of Living State Comparison • 2021 Cost of Living Memo • SB22-202 Fiscal Note • HB22-1390 Year Comparison by District • Tennessee Investment in Student Achievement

Rural Schools Distributions per HB20‐1427 - August 22, 2022

CSFP Staffing Survey Results - August 23, 2022 The Colorado School Finance Project sent out a survey to school districts asking for more information on unfilled positions. We want to thank the districts who responded to the survey. This information is invaluable as there have been many stories in the media about teacher and staffing shortages across the nation and Colorado. These are the results from the survey showing that districts are struggling to hire staff for this school year. In these results, we have also included information from a recent study on national teacher wages.

CSFP School Finance Discussion with DBO - August 29, 2022

Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance - August 30, 2022

ESSER COVID Recovery Funding for Education Update from CDE

Preliminary List of State Grant Programs

• 2022-23 BEST Applications & Approved Projects

August What We're Reading: - "What it takes to put a measure on the ballot" - Max Lubbers, CPR —  August 5, 2022 - "A ‘National Teacher Shortage’? New Research Reveals Vastly Different Realities Between States & Regions" - Marianna McMurdock, The 74 — August 17, 2022 - "Colorado teachers earn 36% less than other college-educated workers, the worst gap in the country" - Erica Breunlin, Colorado Sun — August 22, 2022 (references This Report by Economic Policy Institute)
JULY 2022
JUNE 2022
MAY 2022
APRIL 2022
MARCH 2022
School Finance memo from Joint Budget Committee Staff- Craig Harper, March 18, 2022 2021-22 Budget Stabilization Factor by School District March 2022 Forecast Legislative Council Staff Economic & Revenue Forecast Report Economic & Revenue Forecast Presentation Consumer Price Index Forecast Governor's Office of State Planning and Budgeting Colorado Economic and Fiscal Outlook Presentation to the Joint Budget Committee The Colorado Outlook: Supplemental Materials March Advisory Meeting - Recording of meeting - CSFP Transparency Grant slides - Early Childhood Education presentation - Bob Palaich, Augenblick, Palaich & Associates - PERA Update slides - Ron Baker, PERA of Colorado CASB Conversations Webinar- School Finance 101, Part 1 [Need to be CASB member to access] SOS School Finance 101 Presentations March 1-2, 2022: - Gunnison School District- school finance background- Tracie Rainey, CSFP - Take Action Slides- Lisa Weil and Cody Ostenson, Great Education Colorado and Great Schools Thriving Communities - 2022 School Funding Ballot Initiative Training information- Lisa Weil and Cody Ostenson, Great Education and Great Schools Thriving Communities March What We're Reading:
FEBRUARY 2022
Colorado Association of School Executives Winter Conference February 2022 - Tips on how to work with your school board- Tracie Rainey, CSFP and Glenn McClain, Platte Valley School District - What Now with School Finance? - Tracie Rainey, CSFP DRAFT 2022-23 Funding Workbook- Based on JBC Recommendations- Colorado Department of Education, February 2022 Presentation to Colorado BOCES Association Winter Quarterly Meeting- February 15, 2022 February CSFP Advisory Meeting - Recording of meeting - School Finance Project 2022- Office of the State Demographer's presentation - Issues in the Design of Early Childhood Systems: Informal Dialogue with CSFP- Bob Palaich - ADA Conversation Starters - How are states funding school districts in the wake of changing enrollments caused by COVID-19? (blog post) - How states count students to determine funding: A call for change (blog post) - Not Making the Grade - Issue Paper: Using Average Daily Attendance as a Basis for Distributing State School Revenue Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity 2021-22 including an overall summary and detail by school district Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity 2021-22 Summary Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity 2021-22 by Assessed Value and type of Mill – includes pie chart and detail by school district Total Assessed Value 2021-22 Assessed Value per Pupil 2021-22 Total Program Mills 2021-22 (mills each district levies as part of the school finance act) Mill Levy Overrides 2021-22 (voter-approved) Percent of Colorado's General Fund Appropriation Allocated to Education 2006 to 2002 chart
JANUARY 2022
Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance January 27, 2022 - At-risk Bill Draft Fiscal Note - Special Education Bill Draft Fiscal Note - MLO State Match Bill Draft Fiscal Note - DID NOT VOTE ON and WILL NOT BE MOVING FORWARD - State Land Trust Bill Draft Fiscal Note January 14, 2022 CSFP Advisory Meeting - Recording of Meeting - CSFP Interim Committee and Legislative Update - Universal Preschool Recommendations Final Report CSFP Presentation to Alamosa School District- January 13, 2022 Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance- January 10, 2022 meeting - Colorado At-Risk Study Final Report Presentation- Urban Institute - Bill Drafts: Special Education bill & State Match for Mill Levy Override - School Finance Simulation Tool- Anna Gerstle, Legislative Council Staff - School Finance Update- Craig Harper, JBC Staff

January/December What We're Reading:

- Colorado's 2022 legislative session began Wednesday. Here's your guide to get involved.- Sandra Fish, The Colorado Sun, January 12, 2022 - Funding, school ratings, workforce: Education issues we're watching in 2022- Jason Gonzales and Erica Meltzer, Chalkbeat, January 7, 2022
DECEMBER 2021
December 2021 Forecast Legislative Council staff Economic & Revenue Forecast Presentation to the Joint Budget Committee - K-12 Enrollment Forecast (slides 34-39) - Assessed Valuation Forecast (slides 40-45) - School Finance Outlook (slides 46-50) Consumer Price Index Forecast Governor's Office of State Planning and Budgeting (OSPB) Colorado Economic and Fiscal Outlook Presentation to the Joint Budget Committee The Colorado Outlook: Supplemental Materials CSFP State Profile Report- 2021 (2019-20 audited data) 2021 State Profile Overview (1-page overview) 2021 State Profile Charts & Highlights (2 pages) 2021 State Profile Report (7 pages) includes a historical look at: - Enrollment in K-12: Enrollment, Special Education, Free & Reduced Lunch, Emergent Bilinguals (English Language Learners according to CDE), and gifted students - Teachers: Number of teachers, teachers per 1,000 students, average salary (comparing CO and National) - Per Student Current Spending and Revenue - Relationship between state/local revenue for K-12 and personal income Colorado Department of Education presentation to the Joint Budget Committee Questions, Comments, and Slides CASB Annual Convention- December 2-4, 2021 - Colorado K-12 Funding, School Finance- New Board Member Training booklet - Colorado K-12 Funding: New Board Member Orientation presentation - Mill Levy Correction presentation - Tracie Rainey and Glenn Gustafson
NOVEMBER 2021
OCTOBER 2021
CSFP Western Slope Advisory Meeting Presentation- October 21, 2021 Budget Stabilization chart 2017 to Present for all School Districts Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance October 19, 2021 - Special Education: Funding Overview- Legislative Council Staff - Overview of Possible Special Education Funding Scenarios- Consortium of Directors of Special Education - 2019-20 Annual Report by the Special Education Fiscal Advisory Committee - Special Education Fiscal Advisory Committee (SEFAC) - CDE Early Childhood Update - Mile High Early Learning: Montessori Inspired- Pamela Harris - Early Milestones Colorado: Ideal Learning in Colorado- Katie Nicolau - Colorado's Missing Year: Assessing Colorado's K-12 Performance in the Wake of COVID- Keystone Policy Center - Wildflower Schools- Rachel Kelley-Cohn October CSFP Advisory Meeting - Video recording of meeting - 10 Key Takeaways from CSFP's Inaugural Conference - Economic & Revenue Forecast Presentation - Kate Watkins, Legislative Council Staff - School Finance Update Presentation- Marc Carey, Legislative Council Staff - Interim Committee Discussions and Mill Levy Correction Presentation- Tracie Rainey, CSFP and Justin Silverstein, APA Consulting Money Matters: Tell Your Story ESSER funding documents Adams 12 Five Star Leadership Academy presentation - October 8, 2021 Thirteen Years of the Budget Stabilization Factor-2009 to 2022 (data for every school district) October What We're Reading:

– How Staff Shortages Are Crushing Schools– Mark Lieberman, Education Week [will need to sign-in for access]

- The latest Nobel Prize winner: Researcher who helped show money matters for schools- Matt Barnum, Chalkbeat, October 13, 2021
SEPTEMBER 2021
ELECTIONS PAGE 2021DRAFT of 2021 School District Elections- Elections: Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override (MLO), Operational MLO, and Transportation MLO.  Information posted as of 9/29/2021. 2021 State Ballot Information Booklet (the Blue Book)- Legislative Council of the Colorado General Assembly The factors in the Colorado School finance formula: - Dollars available for Colorado school finance formula factors BEFORE and AFTER the Budget Stabilization Factor - A Look at Factor Funding and the Budget Stabilization Factor - School Districts Ranked by Pre-BS Factor Cost of Living as a % of Total Factor Funding September Forecast Legislative Council Staff Economic & Revenue Forecast Economic & Revenue Forecast Presentation Consumer Price Index Forecast Governor's Office of State Planning and Budgeting Colorado Economic and Fiscal Outlook Presentation to the Joint Budget Committee The Colorado Outlook: Supplemental Materials Legislative Interim Committee on School Finance September 17, 2021 - State Land Board funding for K-12 Education- Colorado State Land Board - A National Perspective on Property Tax & School Finance: How Colorado Compares- Lincoln Institute of Land Policy - Mill Levy Overrides 101- Legislative Staff - Property Tax Levy Overrides in Other States- Andrew Reschovsky, University of Wisconsin-Madison- School District Overrides- Daniel Thatcher, NCSL and Michael Griffith, LPI CSFP Inaugural Conference Beaver Run Resort, Breckenridge, Colorado September 15, 2021 - "How Money Matters: Creating, Adequate, Equitable and Sustainable School Funding"- presentation by Danielle Farrie, Education Law Center - "What the NFL taught me about Leadership & Teamwork"- presentation by Reggie Rivers, former Denver Broncos player (PowerPoint presentation download with videos) - Boulder Valley School District ESSER story video- Rob Anderson - East Grand School DIstrict ESSER story video- Frank Reeves - Greeley Evans ESSER story video- Dierdre Pilch - Gunnison Watershed School District story video- Tia Mills - Littleton School District ESSER story video- Jonathan Levesque - Northeast BOCES ESSER story video- Tamara Durbin A Look at Mills in Colorado: - Local Mill Effort by Assessed Valuation Per Pupil UPDATED - Total Mills (including bonds) for all school districts
AUGUST 2021
JULY 2021