Colorado: Did You Know 2017? - second video in our series Colorado: Did You Know? describing the school finance situation in Colorado. Our second video provides additional detail about the impact of Colorado's funding of K-12 students, districts and the state of Colorado. Our Did You Know? page house both videos and PDFs.
March 2017 State Forecasts
- Governor's Office of State Planning and Budget: March Forecaast
- Colorado Legislative Council Services: March Forecast
Updated reports on Colorado's special needs populations and a comparison of Average Teacher Salary: Colorado to the U.S. Average.
- Students receiving Special Education services
- Students learning English
- Students who qualify for Free or Reduced Lunch (proxy for poverty)
- Students receiving Gifted and Talented services
- Estimated average teacher salary - Colorado compared to the U.S. Average
JBC Staff Figure Setting 2017-18 - Department of Education (JBC working document - subject to change)
School Finance and the Constitution, Colorado Legislative Council Staff
Colorado School Finance Project Advisory Meeting February 2017 presentations
- PERA - Colorado PERA Update presentation
- Hitting the Base - Glenn Gustafson, Colorado Springs D-11, CFO
- Hitting the Base presentation
- Hitting the Base - Colorado K-12 Funding (version 3.1) - By district spreadsheet - The model was developed by Colorado Springs D-11 and has been discussed with both Henry Sobenat (State Budget Director) and Leanne Emm (Deputy Commissioner CDE - School Finance). The model has been shared with the House and Senate Education Communittees. How to use the spreadsheet:
- In the first tab, you can adjust the inflation rate by year (2.8% is the preliminary estimate for 2017-18).
- Four sample districts in the first tab illustrate what happens to a District’s funding as they drop to the base (see red arrow).
- Added a calculation that indicates what happens to the State budget where the state has to increase K-12 funding once a District hits the base.
- To see how specific districts will be affected, go to the first tab and in cell B20 enter the district name (if you enter the district name incorrectly, the correction will be in cell E20. Enter the value of E20 into cell B20).
Colorado Legislative Council - Education Budget Outlook - February 2017 - Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Legislative Council staff
Eight Years of K-12 School Funding Cuts 2009-2017 by county, district (inclusive of mid-year, budget stabilization and negative factor) - updated February 2017.
Video from KUSA 9News answering the question “I thought all that tax money from marijuana was supposed to take care of all this.”
CASE Winter Leadership Conference:
CSFP January Advisory Committee Meeting presentations:
- Residential Assessed Value Rate
- Taxpayer Equity and the Uniform Total Program Mill Levy Proposal - Craig Harper, Joint Budget Committee Staff
KUNC - All Things Considered: Lawmakers Float Solutions to Colorado's School Funding Shortfall, January 18, 2017, an interview with Tracie Rainey (Executive Director, Colorado School Finance Project.
Hickenlooper's Supplementals and Budget Amendments January 17, 2017
Education Week, Quality Counts 2017: Chart comparing per pupil spending above and below the U.S. average between Colorado and the 50 states and D.C. (2014 audited data). Colorado spends $2,685 less than the U.S. average, ranking 41st of 51. Quality Counts 2017: Per Pupil Spending 2014 Data, Dollars Above or Below U.S. average.
JBC for 2017-18 -
December Forecast - December 20, 2016
- December 2016 Forecast - Colorado Legislative Council Staff
- Presentation December Forecast
- School Finance Summary - Leg Council
- December 2016 Forecast - Office of State Planning & Budget
CDE Budget Briefing and Hearing:
Final results for 2016 Colorado school district elections.
Map of Mill Levy Overrides as of 2016 elections. Map does not include Full-Day Kindergarten, Transportation, Operational, or Technology overrides.
CSFP's presentation at 2016 CASB Convention: Results from Updating Analysis of Balancing Equity and Adequacy in a School Finance System - Moving Forward Colorado.
A fresh, in-depth look at what's required to provide all Colorado children with the education they need to succeed encourages improved funding for Special needs students and modernizing the state's 22-year old school finance system. Paying for Educational Excellence - Building blocks for a new K-12 funding plan. Learn more about paying for educational excellence. Learn more about our costing out / equity work.
Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity
The Colorado School Finance Project recently completed a review of school district Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity. It’s important to note that school districts have no control over what 1 mill can raise. The range for what 1 mill can raise is from a low of about $4,000 to a high of $13,000,000. The range for what 1 mill can raise per student is a low of about $20 to a high of $3,000.
- One page Tax Effort / Fiscal Capacity District highlight - comparing the differences between what 1 mill can raise in 6 districts.
- One page Tax Effort / Fiscal Capacity highlight per student - comparing the difference between what 1 mill can raise per student in 6 districts.
- Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity Report for all districts - includes Total Program Mills, Bond Mills, Total Override Mills, and Total Mills.
Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Legislative Council Staff presentation to CSFP Advisory Committee, State Budget Outlook November 2016
Map of Colorado school districts on 4-day weeks. Some districts choose to have a 4-day week, for others it is a financial decision. Colorado has 178 school districts, plus the Charter School Institute. Source: CDE and school districts
- Districts with all schools on a 4-day week: 78 (updated)
- Districts with multiple schools on a 4-day week: 5 districts and the Charter School Institute
- Districts with 1 school on a 4-day week: 6
- BOCES on a 4-day week: 1
UPDATE: Final results for school district elections - December 2016
DRAFT results for school district elections as of 11/18/2016, UPDATED at 6:00 PM - subject to change as more current information becomes available - unofficial results. Final results December 8, 2016.
CSFP and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates presentation at Colorado Department of Education's 2016 Equity and Excellence Conference: Defining Equity and Student Need Reflective of Student Demographics.
CSFP presentation on School Finance - an Introduction and Overview to the 2018 Table; What were the goals of the 1994 School Finance Act?; The Order Revenue is Collected; Evaluating the Success of the 1994 Act; Categoricals; Steps in Changing to a New System; Stay Tuned.
On October 27, 2016, the Colorado School Finance Project joined with 14 other organizations and sent the following Open Letter to State Leaders: Governor John Hickenlooper, all state representatives and senators, and the members of the Colorado State Board of Education. A link to the PDF of this letter with the original signers as of October 27,2016 is here. Individuals and groups can add their names to the open letter here.
CSFP Presentation Colorado Education Initiative STEM: Colorado's Statistics: Does Money Matter?
CSFP Advisory Committee - Western Slope / Grand Junction - presentation
Quality Counts 2016 (2012-13 School Year, FY 2013)
Per Pupil Spending by State: Colorado ranks 42 of 51 in per pupil spending; spending $2,681 less than the U.S. Average of $11,667.
Nearby States Spending More Per Pupil than Colorado: Colorado spent $2,681 less than the U.S. Average.
- Kansas spends $2,298 more than Colorado
- Montana $4,140 more
- Nebraska $4,644 more
- New Mexico $781 more
- Wyoming $8,270 more
2016 State Profile Data: Our annual profile information depicts changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing the base year of 1992-93 to 2009-10 to 2013-14 to 2014-15). Data is audited so lags behind current information.
- 2016 State Profile Overview: 1 page overview of areas of concern for K-12.
- 2016 Overview Charts & Highlights: 2 page document with highlights and charts.
- CSFP 2016 State Profile Data: About the 4 tables and Notes
- Table 1: Enrollment, Special Education, Free and Reduced Lunch, English language learners (ELL), Instances of Mobility, and Gifted Students
- Table 2: Number of Teachers, Teachers per 1,000 students, Average Salary (comparing CO and National)
- Table 3: Per Student Current Spending and Revenues
- Table 4: Relationship between State/Local Revenue for K-12 Public Education and Personal Income
- Notes and Terms: Footnotes for all tables are located on this page.
"You don't know where you're going until you know where you've been." We are taking a fresh, detailed look at the equity and adequacy of school support in our state. Four central principles underlie a finance system - adequacy, equity, sustainability and adaptability. Paying for Educational Excellence - Behind the curtain on school finance PDF. Learn more about paying for educational excellence. Learn more about our costing out / equity work.
The Learning Policy Institute (LPI) released their report A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand and Shortages in the U.S. Following is information from the report that is pertinent to Colorado:
- Colorado: Understanding Teacher Shortages - Map and overview highlighting key factors that reflect and influence teacher supply and demand.
- State indicators influencing Supply and Demand by State (Appendix B)
- Distribution of Uncertified and Inexperienced Teachers by State (Appendix C)
Links to the Learning Policy Institute:
- About the Learning Policy Institute
- The full report: A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand and Shortages in the U.S.
- Understanding Teacher Shortages, a state by state analysis of factors influencing teacher supply, demand and equity: Interactive Map
CSFP Presentation at CASBO - October 6, 2016
As part of CSFP and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates Costing Out / Equity Work we created a draft document that describes the School Finance Act of 1994. The document is a work in progress as we continue our work on the Costing Out / Equity Work. Included in the document:
- Goals set forth by the legislature
- What did the system fund?
- Where are we today in meeting the 1994 School Finance Goals?
- Today's Education System
- Do we know the cost of this system? (Work on this section is in progress)
- What does a high quality education system cost to be successful - not just to be compliabt? (Work on this section is in progress).
Using National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) data, the Colorado School Finance Project created two new charts comparing state per pupil spending between 2002-03 to 2012-13. NCES data is audited data so lags behind current data.
What we found: (Dollars are adjusted for inflation, constant to 2014-15 dollars.)
- Colorado spent $703 less per pupil in 2012-13 than it did in 2002-03; ranking 47th in per pupil spending change.
- During the same time period, the U.S. average per pupil spending increased $556 per pupil.
- Comparing state changes in per pupil spending between 2002-03 and 2012-13.
- Comparing state by state per pupil spending in 2002-03 and 2012-13.
CSFP Presentation Colorado Education Initiative STEM - September 2016
September 2016 Colorado Forecasts:
- Office of State Planning and Budget: Forecast
- Legislative Council
Colorado School Finance Project presentation to CSFP Advisory Committee: Where did we leave off in May? Supplemental information for the presentation:
Information on the 2016 House, Senate & JBC school finance discussion is available here. Need & Size Factors and Tax Effort & Fiscal Capacity Report for Colorado school districts
Link to Mission Possible Colorado: www.missionpossibleco.com.
Costing Out / Equity Work - CSFP & Augenblick, Palaich and Associates - Paying for educational excellence: Does Colorado provide schools with the resources to ensure all children receive the quality education they need to grow and succeed in the 21st century? Many Coloradoans agree the answer is "no." This fall, CSFP and APA are in the process of updating our Costing Out work.
Additional information on CSFP and APA's costing out work can be found here, (or click on the tab on the left: CSFP Research and then click on Costing Out Studies.)
Colorado Did You Know? School Finance video: link
Colorado School Finance and Education Reform Timeline - from 2016-17 to 1982. Updated as of August 2016, new format.
Office of State Auditor: Colorado School District Fiscal Health Information Report Augut 2016: Trends over Fiscal Years 2013, 2014, 2015. Map from report: Districts with 2 or more warning indicators
2016 District Elections - DRAFT - UPDATED September/2016 - Subject to change as new iinformation becomes available. Tax Effort and Fiscal Capacity Report for Colorado School Districts includes Total Program Mills, Bond Mills, Total Override Mills, and Total Mills. Prior year election information is here.
CSFP Presentation Colorado Education Initiative STEM - August 2016
CSFP presentation at CASE Conference 2016: Colorado's State Budget & K-12
The Gap in Per Pupil Spending 2012-13 (audited data so lags behind current data) document is here.
- With the Negative Factor: Colorado spent $ -2,053 less than the U.S. Average, ranking 40th.
- With No Negative Factor: Colorado would rank 28th, spending $ -816 less than the U.S. Average.
2016-17 District Budget Cut Conversations - DRAFT - UPDATED JULY/2016 - Subject to change as new information becomes available. Prior year District Budget Cut Conversations (FY 2009-10 through FY 2015-16, the negative factor years) is here.
U.S. Department of Education
- Exhibit 3: Percentage change in PK-12 current expenditures per pupil and state and local corrections current expenditures per capita from 1979-80 to 2012-13, by state.
- State and Local Expenditures on Corrections and Education: A Brief from the U.S. Department of Education, Policy and Program Studies Service, July 2016
- U.S. Department of Education: Press release
June 2016 Economic Forecast
- Legislative Council
- Office of State Budget & Planning
CSFP Presentation at St. Vrain Valley School District - June 15, 2016
Categorical Funding: Federal, State, Local 2007-08 to 2013-14
Need & Size Factors and Tax Effort & Fiscal Capacity Report for Colorado school districts.
The Future of School Finance in Colorado: Joint Budget Committee, House & Senate Education - 2016 Legislation session - documents presented to the joint JBC and House & Senate Education committees.
From Colorado Public Radio: In Colorado, School Funding Lags Despite a Booming Economy, by Jenny Brundin
CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) April 2016 Conference Call.
CSFP Grand Junction Community Meeting - April 22
- Colorado Did You Know? School Finance video: link
- The Conundrum of School Finance
- 2015 Map of all Mill Levy Overrides by District
CSFP Grand Junction Advisory Meeting - Western Slope Superintendents - April 21
- The Conundrum of School Finance - Planning School Budgets for the Future
- 2015 Map of all Mill Levy Overrides by District
- Western Slope School Districts Biggest Challenges
Panel Discussion: Takes a Team to Educate a Child, Eastern Colorado School Boards - handouts: April 19, 2016
- Colorado Did You Know? School Finance video: link
- CSFP Who We Are
- Mill Levy Overrides and Negative Factor Information
- Seven Years of K-12 Funding Cuts 2009-16 (inclusive of mid-year, budget stabilization and negative factor) as of February 2016
- 2015 Map of all Mill Levy Overrides by District
Presentation at CSFP Advisory Committee Meeting: Discussion - School Finance Update, Mill Levy Discussion, Mesa County Ruling
March 2016 Forecasts
- The Colorado Economic Outlook: Colorado Office of State Planning and Budget (OSPB)
- The Colorado Economic Outlook Infographic:(OSPB)
- Economic and Revenue Forecast: Colorado Legislative Council
Presentations at CSFP Advisory Meeting
- 2016 Educator Preparation Report - Colorado Department of Higher Education
- Ratings 101 & Colorado Schools - Moody's Investor Service
- Colorado School Districts' Subdued State Funding Ruled Constitutional- Moody's Investor Service, October 2015
- Documents from the Joint Education Committee and JBC Meetings are listed above under Current Topics, March 16, 2016
- CSFP School Finance Infographic - March 2016
- CSFP School Finance Glossary
CSFP presentation at Great Futures Action Summit: The Conundrum of School Finance
CSFP presentation to Weld County RE-1 Gilcrest: The Conundrum of School Finance, Planning School Budgets for the Future: All the Moving Parts
Colorado Attorney General opinion on the constitutionality of a legislative proposal to create an enterprise that would administer Colorado's Hospital Provider Fee.
Seven Years of K-12 School Funding Cuts 2009-2016 (inclusive of mid-year, budget stabilization and negative factor) - February 2016
East Central BOCES Presentation: Article 10 Section 20 of the Constitution - Taxpayer Bill of Rights brief overview. Source documents:
- Colorado's Constitutional Spending Limit, Colorado Legislative Council, September 2015
- State Spending Limitations TABOR and Referendum C, Colorado Legislative Council, July 2009
- HJR03-1033 Study, TABOR Gallagher Amendment 23, Colorado Legislative Council, September 2003
CSFP presentation at CASE Conference February 2016: Nuts & Bolts
Colorado STEM Network Web Meeting - January 2016 CSFP powerpoint
Quality Counts 2016 (2012-13 School Year, FY13) - Per Pupil Spending by State: Colorado ranks 42 of 51 in per pupil spending; spending $2,681 less than the U.S. Average of $11,667.
Note: Typically our Home page contains information from the last 6 months. We try to "roll off" information every month to our Historical Info page. The information is in chronological order, most recent first.